DWQA QuestionsCategory: PHPHow To Install Linux, Apache, MySQL, PHP (LAMP) stack on Ubuntu ?
asked 6 years ago

Step 1: Install Apache

Apache is a free open source software which runs over 50% of the world’s web servers.

To install apache, open terminal and type in these commands:

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install apache2

That’s it. To check if Apache is installed, direct your browser to your server’s IP address (eg. http://12.34.56.789). The page should display the words “It works!” like this.
How to Find your Server’s IP address

You can run the following command to reveal your server’s IP address.

ifconfig eth0 | grep inet | awk ‘{ print $2 }’

Step 2: Install MySQL

MySQL is a powerful database management system used for organizing and retrieving data

To install MySQL, open terminal and type in these commands:

sudo apt-get install mysql-server libapache2-mod-auth-mysql php5-mysql

During the installation, MySQL will ask you to set a root password. If you miss the chance to set the password while the program is installing, it is very easy to set the password later from within the MySQL shell.

Once you have installed MySQL, we should activate it with this command:

sudo mysql_install_db

Finish up by running the MySQL set up script:

sudo /usr/bin/mysql_secure_installation

The prompt will ask you for your current root password.

Type it in.

Enter current password for root (enter for none):

OK, successfully used password, moving on…

Step 3: Install PHP

PHP is an open source web scripting language that is widely use to build dynamic webpages.

To install PHP, open terminal and type in this command.

sudo apt-get install php5 libapache2-mod-php5 php5-mcrypt

After you answer yes to the prompt twice, PHP will install itself.

It may also be useful to add php to the directory index, to serve the relevant php index files:

sudo nano /etc/apache2/mods-enabled/dir.conf

Add index.php to the beginning of index files. The page should now look like this:

<IfModule mod_dir.c>

          DirectoryIndex index.php index.html index.cgi index.pl index.php index.xhtml index.htm

</IfModule>
PHP Modules

PHP also has a variety of useful libraries and modules that you can add onto your virtual server. You can see the libraries that are available.

apt-cache search php5-

Terminal will then display the list of possible modules. The beginning looks like this:

php5-cgi – server-side, HTML-embedded scripting language (CGI binary)
php5-cli – command-line interpreter for the php5 scripting language
php5-common – Common files for packages built from the php5 source
php5-curl – CURL module for php5
php5-dbg – Debug symbols for PHP5
php5-dev – Files for PHP5 module development
php5-gd – GD module for php5
php5-gmp – GMP module for php5
php5-ldap – LDAP module for php5
php5-mysql – MySQL module for php5
php5-odbc – ODBC module for php5
php5-pgsql – PostgreSQL module for php5
php5-pspell – pspell module for php5
php5-recode – recode module for php5
php5-snmp – SNMP module for php5
php5-sqlite – SQLite module for php5
php5-tidy – tidy module for php5
php5-xmlrpc – XML-RPC module for php5
php5-xsl – XSL module for php5
php5-adodb – Extension optimising the ADOdb database abstraction library
php5-auth-pam – A PHP5 extension for PAM authentication

at the end run this command

sudo service apache2 restart